I’ve just read a piece in Inside Higher Ed which highlights the new decision by California’s Pomona College to now include being “attentive to diversity in the student body” among the criteria for teaching quality, as assessed for tenure decisions. The initiative seems to be both staff- and student- led. Although such ‘rules from above’ are often critiqued (as the article outlines), I see time and time again, the way ‘inclusivity’ and concerns about diversity become the ‘nice to haves,’ always secondary to the really important criteria for excellence that are used to judge practice in the university sector. I
Apparently, academia has high (“disproportionately high“) numbers of “gay and lesbian” staff. That’s fantastic – it suggests that the university provides a workplace environment that is a welcoming for LGBTIQ (lesbian, gay, bi, trans, intersex, queer/questioning) academics? But does it, and if so, what does that look like? The Times Higher just published a piece asking How Welcoming is Academia to LGBT Staff? in the UK. The answers suggest that overall, higher education does provide a fairly inclusive workplace environment, where being out is possible. But this doesn’t make being queer* & out academic always easy, and stories from academics reveal the potential complexities. In 2009, my colleague Victoria Clarke and I edited a dual Special Feature in the journal Feminism & Psychology and Special Issue of the journal Lesbian and Gay Psychology Review. We asked questions about whether the personal is pedagogical – around genders and sexualities in the classroom – and explored how LBGTIQ academics negotiated heteronormativity in and through their practices. Like the piece in the THES, we focused on academics’ voices. We asked them to reflect on their experiences, choices, and practices, in the context also of pedagogical theory around visibility and critical engagement. Both our project and the THES piece show that at the same time as universities typically offer fairly ‘safe’ environments, this cannot always be taken for granted: experiences vary, and the intersection of things like the localised university context, the person’s various identities and perspectives, and the broder sociopolitical cultural context, all come into play.
Despite some fairly rapid gains towards equal rights and opportunities for LG (less so trans) people in many Anglo/western countries, ongoing challenges to full- and free- participation are recognised in equity work around LGBTIQ populations. At the UoA, LGBTI staff and students are equity groups; our Rainbow Science Network is part of a university-wide LGBTI network that combines student and staff perspectives. Staff and students often intersect most regularly in the classroom, and inclusivity becomes evidenced not only through what we teach (and what we don’t teach), but how, as teachers, normative and non-normative identities come into play.
Victoria and I also researched experiences of queer students on campus (both UK and New Zealand; sadly not yet published, in full, but discussed here). That highlighted some of the very persistent and sometimes pervasive ways heteronormativity shaped students’ experiences. One of my students explored NZ data, and found students reported that the university offered both a place of inclusivity (“I can be myself”) and of marginalisation (that this came with “with a side of homophobia-flavoured rice”). Sheffield Hallam University recently published a much fuller report into the experiences of undergraduate students, focusing on the entirety of the university UG time (including selection choices). It likewise highlights that issues of marginalisation and discrimination remain challenges for LGBT students, including within the classroom – and found connections between (negative) experiences and student retention. Back closer to home, a 2012 Unitec MHS thesis examined LGBTIQ students’ views around campus climate, and compared them with straight student responses. What that nicely illustrated was the way straight students could perceive an environment as somewhere where ‘it’s fine to be gay’ and all identities are equally possible and accepted, but that view or experience was not shared by LGBTQI students.
*I use queer here to refer to sexual or gender identities outside the heteronorms and gender-binary, recognising that lots of people don’t choose that label.